History

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The Battle of Agincourt that took place on the 25th of October 1415 is a fascinating but controversial battle. As we commemorate the 600th anniversary of the battle, we will help you explore some of its facts, secrets and myths.  Over the anniversary year we will be posting questions and answering them in our blog.

 

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If you would like to get involved, please do send us your questions and we will try our best to answer them and to post replies here for everyone to read. Please contact us through the links at the bottom of the page, follow us on Facebook and Twitter and read our weekly blog.

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A few articles to whet your appetite:

What did John Mowbray, Earl Marshal, take with him on the campaign?

By Professor Anne Curry Berkeley Castle The army which Henry V took to France was paid. As a result we know a great deal about its size and composition. In order to avoid fraud, Exchequer officials checked that those who had promised troops had actually brought them. This was done by carrying out musters which listed all the names of the soldiers. We will be telling you more about these sources in the National Archives in answers to other questions. The Exchequer materials provide us with much valuable material, but...
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Where was Agincourt fought?

By Stephen Cooper At the time, the French gave the battle a whole variety of names: Rollencourt, Hesdin, Ruisseauville, Maisoncelle, Blangy, Thérouanne. Eventually, it was ‘Azincourt’ which stuck, as it did in England, though we have spelt this very differently:  Agincourt, of course, but also Egyne Court, Gincourt, Agyncoort and even Assyngcowrte; but none of this tells us where the fighting took place. Traditionally the battle is supposed to have been fought around 45 miles south of Calais, between the woods of Azincourt and Tramecourt.  This is also where the...
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What armour did Henry V’s men-at-arms wear?

By Dan Spencer When Henry V’s army departed in August 1415, between a quarter and a fifth of the soldiers were men-at-arms. Most of these were of the status of esquire – indeed this term was often used in the muster rolls to describe them – and were paid one shilling per day (twice the rate of pay of an archer). Some were of noble and knightly rank and received higher rates of pay based on their social status. A duke, for instance, was paid 13 s 4d per day....
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How did the city of London fund Henry V’s expedition of 1415?

By Sinclair Rogers and Anne Curry Guildhall The kings of England were able to ask the Parliamentary Commons for a grant of taxation. This Henry V did in November 1414 when his plans for a campaign in France were first announced in parliament. The commons agreed the levy of a double tax grant, which was to be collected in two instalments, on 1 February 1415 and 1 February 1416. This put the king in a strong position but it did not give him the ready cash he needed to take...
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